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Learn How to Pronounce the Iceland Volcano Eyjafjallajokull and remember; When He Erupted In 1821, it lasted 2 years

yy011The last time Eyjafjallajökull erupted, it lasted 2 years stretching from 1821-1823. It also erupted in 920 and 1612. Eyjafjallajökull's eruption usually precedes an eruption for another Icelandic volcano called Katla, as it did in 1823. Katla's eruptions are usually more violent than Eyjafjallajökul's. Due to the second activity on Eyjafjallajökull volcano since April 14, there are thousands of flights have been cancelled not only in Europe but also some flights from Asia, America and other continents. More over, it was also reportedly more than ten thousands of air travelers still stranded after a plume of ash cloud spreading across thousands of miles. No need to repeat the same news in every single post, actually there’s an interesting thing from the Iceland volcano’s name Eyjafjallajokull. Pronunciation is so difficult for some of us. Even, many people still don’t know what’s the right pronunciation of Eyjafjallajokull volcano. Did you know that?

According to some sources like Yahoo News and The Associated Press, Iceland volcano name should be simply pronounced as “ay-yah-FYAH’-plah-yer-kuh-duhl”. However, it’s too complicated and not easy for us to pronounce it, right? In my personal opinion, Iceland volcano name contains too many syllables.

Meanwhile, NPR which checked Eyjafjallajokull pronunciation  to Iceland’s embassy in Washington D.C. found it as

AY-yah-fyah-lah-YOH-kuul.




Look What Happened When Eyjafjallajökull Erupted In 1821

Eyjafjallajökull  blew its top the eruption lasted for two years, spreading smoke and ash over Iceland causing significant damage.

The last time Eyjafjallajökull erupted, it lasted 2 years stretching from 1821-1823. It also erupted in 920 and 1612.


The 1821 eruption spread fluoride across iceland, damaging livestock and human well-being. Glacial flooding also resulted from the eruption.


Eyjafjallajökull's eruption usually precedes an eruption for another Icelandic volcano called Katla, as it did in 1823. Katla's eruptions are usually more violent than Eyjafjallajökul's.




Katla is partially trapped under a glacier and its eruption would create even more flooding problems for Iceland.


The Laki volcano, which erupted in 1783, was the worst in Icelandic history. It killed a quarter of Iceland's residents, created a poisonous plume over Prague, made New Jersey's snowfall its highest ever, and had an impact on one of Egypt's worst droughts.


The Laki volcano is considered a central cause of the French Revolution, as it led to a poor harvest and public unrest in the country.

 

Iceland Volcano Eyjafjallajökull in Literature and Arts

Eyjafjallajökull glacier is one of the most beautiful mountains in Iceland. It has inspried Icelandic artists through the ages. Many artists have painted the glacier seen from Múlakot in Fljótshlíd where the artist and farmer Ólafur Túbals lived until 1964.

The Icelandic Poet Thórdur Helgason (born 1946) composed the poem:

The Painter

Sometimes the Painter came to visit
a mysterious man with a moustache

people whispered
said that he was no farmer

on the farms he asked for alcohol
to clean his brushes

but Eyjafjöllajökull he could paint
blindfolded.





Halldór Laxness, Iceland’s only Nobel Prize winner in literature famously wrote about Snæfellsjökull glacier in his novel Under the Glacier. However it is said that he previously wrote about his climb to the top of Eyjafjallajökull in the novel World Light, who many think is his best novel. In this book the “hero” is the writer Ólafur Kárason, a loser in most of what he does. In the end he climbs up the glacier:

“The weather is still and the moon in high south throws cold blue light. He went directly to the mountain. Below were the long slopes, after that moss, then rocks and finally the unbroken snow. The image of the moon grew pale when day lit. Over the ocean a dark stormy cloud was forming. He walks onto the glacier, towards the crack of dawn, from one snowy hill to another, sinking deep into the fresh snow, not noticing the tempestuous weather that might follow him. A child he had stood by the seaside in Ljósavík, and watched the wave streaming back and forth, but now he was aiming away from the sea. Think about me when you are in strong sunlight. Soon the sun of Easter will shine over the bright trails where she waits for her poet.

And beauty alone will rule.”



Edvard Munch's painting 'The Scream.' in the volcanic plume



Radar image of the volcanic crater appears to show a nightmarish face, which is reminscent of Edvard Munch's painting 'The Scream.' Coincidentally, it is thought that the masterpiece was inspired by the blood red skies caused by the powerful volcanic eruption of Krakatoa in 1883. The picture was taken by the ELTA radar from an Icelandic Coast Guard airplane.

In this natural-colour image we can see the volcanic plume moving south-easterly from southern Iceland. It blows past the Faroe Islands and arcs slightly towards the north near the Shetland Islands. The tan hue indicates a fairly high ash content.

The spread of volcanic ash prompted authorities in the UK, Ireland, France, and Scandinavia to close airspace over their countries. The airspace closure had a ripple effect, disrupting flights all over the world.



Unlike the soft, fluffy material that results from burned vegetation, volcanic ash consists of tiny jagged particles of rock. Once sucked into an aeroplane’s turbines, the abrasive material can easily cause engine failure, but an aircraft’s weather radar can’t spot the ash because it is dry.

It is not known how long the airspace closures will last because it depends on how long the volcano continues to erupt as well as wind direction.



Source
http://www.businessinsider.com
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com
http://www.liveleak.com
http://www.dailymail.co.uk

 

 

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